The purpose of this document, a follow up of three earlier and related ones [Creation vs. Evolution - Part I (1) and Biblical Literalism - Part I and Part II (2)] is to further disarm: (a) the enemies of God who may use what is known as the “Theory of Evolution” to finally reduce the Holy Scriptures to the category of cultural myths; and (b) the enemies of science who may use what is known as the “Theory of Creationism” to discredit objective scientific work.
We will do this in broad brush strokes - not trying
to explain every apparent inconsistency in the Holy Scriptures and in
scientific research results.
In our Creation vs Evolution - Part I (1) document we stated:
With their Scientific basis - Evolutionists proceed to “create” living things from chemical elements that came from nowhere (as scientifically proven). This is a problem that man cannot begin to even fathom - “nowhere” is a term defined by a Created environment, an environment which did not exist before creation. Thus, this “nowhere” cannot even be grasped by the very feeble human mind.
With their Biblical basis - Creationists proceed to “create” living things from the literal interpretation of Genesis. The problem is that their version starts falling apart at the seams before even getting to chapter Three of the Book of Genesis. We read in Genesis two different stories about the Creation of man: (a) the simultaneous creation of Adam and Eve [Genesis 1: 26-28], and (b) the Adam first and Eve from Adam’s rib [Genesis 2: 7-24]. [Note, we are not questioning that if God, for example, said “There it be light”, light came into being. We are just highlighting two different Biblical versions of a single reality which cannot be sustained by literalism.]
Now, this difference could possibly be smoothed over by a fast talking fundamentalist preacher. The real problem comes when we read:
“And the Lord said unto him (Cain), Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the Lord set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him. And Cain went out from the presence of the Lord, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden. And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch: and he builded a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son, Enoch.” [Genesis 4: 15-17]
By whom is Cain afraid of being killed? According to our literal population census there are only three individuals in the world so far: Adam, Eve and Cain. As if this situation were not enough, we must ask: Where did Cain get that wife?
Now, this real problem can only be resolved with additional Divine
illumination, and, it is the Will of God that we now share with the
world some of the Lights given to us about this apparently impenetrable
The clues to the answer to this apparent riddle are found precisely in the Book of Genesis, to be later confirmed in the New Testament, as well as in the Anthropological findings of the 19th and 20th Centuries.
Imagine the Word of God going forth to command Creation. From that single point (which even the Big Bang theorists admit was so small that its size could not even be mathematically established) - i.e. from “nothing” - Creation starts to “unfurl” (3) in a pre planned and protracted manner under the guidance of the Perfect Wisdom of God.
What we now know as “Man” evolves under such guidance through a number of species transitions and transformations until the stage where God Wills to make the “Man” of that stage into His (Spiritual) Image:
“And he said: Let us make man to our image and likeness: and let him have dominion over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and the beasts, and the whole earth, and every creeping creature that moveth upon the earth. And God created man to his own image: to the image of God he created him: male and female he created them.” [Genesis 1: 26-27]
…and He really did.
But if we scroll down to the second Chapter of Genesis we see another version of Creation - or is it? In this version we read:
“1 So the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the furniture of them. 2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made: and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done. 3 And he blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made. 4 These are the generations of the heaven and the earth, when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the heaven and the earth: 5 And every plant of the field before it sprung up in the earth, and every herb of the ground before it grew: for the Lord God had not rained upon the earth; and there was not a man to till the earth.
6 But a spring rose out of the earth, watering all the surface of the earth. 7 And the Lord God formed man of the slime of the earth: and breathed into his face the breath of life, and man became a living soul.” [Genesis 2: 1-7]
Now, let us superimpose both Biblical versions of Creation and see what we have. Could we perhaps find out who could possibly be a threat to Cain’s life as well as who Cain married?
We certainly can, thus, let us proceed.
Let us first define three key terms:
Mitochondrial Eve: The name given by researchers to the woman species, who is the matrilineal most recent common ancestor for all living humans - from whom all mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in living humans have descended. Mitochondrial Eve is the female counterpart of the Y-chromosomal Adam, the patrilinear most recent common ancestor.
She is believed by some researchers to have lived about 150,000 years ago in what is now Ethiopia, Kenya or Tanzania. However, this age estimate of 150,000 years can change if tomorrow an earlier-dated female’s remains (with the same genetic coding) is found.
Naming Mitochondrial Eve after the Eve of Genesis has led to some misunderstandings among the general public. A common misconception is that Mitochondrial Eve was the only living female of her time — she was not (had she been the single mother of mankind, humanity would have become extinct due to the law of probabilities). Many women alive at the same time as Mitochondrial Eve have descendants alive today. However, only Mitochondrial Eve group produced an unbroken line of mitochondria that persists today.
Y-chromosomal Adam: The name given by researchers to the patrilinear human man species most recent common ancestor, from whom all Y chromosomes in living humans are descended. Y-chromosomal Adam is thus the male counterpart of Mitochondrial Eve.
They are named after the “Adam” and “Eve” in Genesis as a metaphor only.
The remains of the earliest Y-chromosomal Adam for living humans that have been found probably lived between 60,000 and 90,000 years ago, judging from molecular clock and genetic marker studies. Of course, as in the case of “Eve”, this is always subject to another find with an earlier date.
Single Origin Concept: According to the single-origin concept, every species of the genus Homo but one, Homo sapiens, eventually became extinct. The Homo sapiens evolved in eastern Africa between 100,000 and 200,000 years ago and, in a relatively recent exodus, began colonizing the rest of the world. According to the single-origin model, these more recent migrants did not interbreed with the scattered descendants of earlier exoduses. In support of it, advocates have drawn from both fossil and DNA evidence, in particular from mitochondrial and Y-chromosome DNA sequences.
Man seems to have evolved essentially as all other species as we have briefly explained above. When God deemed that “man” had reached “the right point” in its evolution, He breathed His Spirit into a select group of them. Up until now, this group of “men” had been an animal species, like other animals. Now, they became totally different creatures. They were now the Image of God, “…male and female He created them.”
Now God relocated this select group of “Adams and Eves” to a special place we know as Paradise or the Garden of Eden. The rest of “mankind”, whom God had not selected to receive His Spirit, remained outside said Garden.
Once these “Adam and Eve” broke their covenant with God by falling into satan’s trap, they were thrown out from Paradise to live among those from whom they had been selected. Nonetheless, they were truly and uniquely different - they had been given the Spirit of God and had become living souls. As we read in Genesis Chapter 3:
“21 And the Lord God made for Adam and his wife, garments of skins, and clothed them. 22 And he said: Behold Adam is become as one of us, knowing good and evil: now, therefore, lest perhaps he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever. 23 And the Lord God sent him out of the paradise of pleasure, to till the earth from which he was taken. 24 And he cast out Adam; and placed before the paradise of pleasure Cherubims, and a flaming sword, turning every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.”
God continued to look after His remnant, since they carried His Spirit. (Even after their fall, they bore His Image within themselves). Then, the colonization of the rest of the world commenced through migratory waves from where the general area the Garden of Eden was located.
Over time, those created in His Image proved to God, beyond the shadow of a doubt, that they simply could not understand how God wanted them to live so that they would earn their way back to a paradise-like state.
Perhaps living amongst (but not genetically mixing with) the non-selected “mankind” was hampering His people (the descendants of the exiles from Eden) from fulfilling His Will.
Perhaps the interbreeding of the sons of God with the daughters of men (5) was disrupting the Divine Plan.
Obviously it was time to purge the world of the non select ones, as well as the descendants of the mixed breed [of sons of God and daughters of men]. Noah, and what his story truly symbolizes, enters in the picture.
Regarding the Great Flood on an archeological/cultural context… (4)
The story of a Great Flood sent by God [or the local deities depending on the local faiths] to destroy civilization as an act of divine retribution is a widespread theme in myths. The stories of Noah and his ark in Genesis, Matsya in the Puranas scriptures of Hinduism, and Utnapishtim in the Epic of Gilgamesh are among the most familiar versions of these myths. A large percentage of the world’s cultures past and present have stories of a “great flood” that devastated an earlier civilization.
No, we are not denying that the Noah we read about in the Holy Scriptures ever existed. What we are stating is that perhaps there were a “number of Noahs” all over the world where the select had migrated and lived amongst the non select. Those other Noah equivalents had the same God-given function of the Noah we know: To protect His elect while He was purging the world of the undesirables, identified above, through a Great Flood.
With the Flood, via their local Noah equivalent, God had rid the planet of those He deemed undesirables. All surviving mankind everywhere now were descendants of those into whom God had breathed the Spirit of Life originally.
Eventually, God made a covenant with Abraham. In essence, God now carved out a group from the original elect, and made Abraham’s children His Chosen ones; i.e., the group which became known as God’s Chosen People.
Unfortunately, the Chosen People continued to rebel against God. Therefore, he started sending them Prophet after Prophet in an effort to call his Chosen People to order. However, no matter how many Prophets God sent, the Chosen Ones remained mostly blind and deaf.
At the beginning of the End of These Times, as a last ditch effort, God sent His Word Made Flesh - Jesus Christ - to explain to His Chosen Ones “the road map to Paradise” with words and examples.
As The Word was rejected by the Religious Leaders of the original Chosen People, others, from the non chosen group, but certainly possessing the Spirit of God, (represented by the Samaritans, Roman Centurions, prostitutes, tax collectors, etc. - all of those who would accept Him (6) ) were included in the now expanded ranks of the “Chosen People”.
This all-inclusive Divine Decision posed a symbolism challenge. All of those from the previously Chosen group were part of the covenant with Abraham; a group which was marked by the circumcision - something externally visible.
Regarding circumcision in a non-Abrahamic context… (5)
The practice of circumcision predates recorded human history, with depiction found in stone age cave drawings and Egyptian tombs. The origins of the practice are lost in antiquity. Theories include that circumcision is a form of ritual sacrifice or offering, a sign of submission to a deity, a rite of passage to adulthood, a mark of defeat or slavery, or an attempt to alter esthetics or sexuality. Circumcision continues to be performed as a religious requirement on members of the Muslim and Jewish faiths, and also the majority of Americans, South Koreans and Filipinos.
The new Covenant sign became Baptism with water which was and is, in essence, a public sign of repentance for one’s sins; an act which, when undertaken with a sincere and contrite heart, opens the doors of the soul to the guidance of the Holy Spirit of God - a condition which is not physically visible. This Baptism - sign of the New and Universal Covenant - is so important that it was announced through the prophet Isaiah [Matthew 12:17-18] and even Jesus insisted that He be Baptized as a matter of example to all [Matthew 3:16].
This does not mean in any way that those who have not been baptized
will go to eternal damnation. God has provided for such eventuality but
that revelation is beyond the scope of this document.
Now, as you review the directly related documents [(1), (2) and (5)], with the additional Light given in this document, all will become clearer and your Faith and trust in His Word should increase further. The more that Faith grows, the more He will reveal as we continue to drink from the Living Waters of the Word of God manifested in the Sacred Scriptures.
Obviously there is more, much more, light that would explain the
many apparent discrepancies and inconsistencies in the Word
of God manifested in the Sacred Scriptures. However, what
we have revealed in this book should be more than enough to encourage
readers to take the Sacred Scriptures very seriously - with
great trust and poise, and devoid of any fanaticism.
It is interesting to note that if we view the First Coming of Jesus Christ as the entering into a New Creation - call it a period of re-Creation of mankind - the Baptism symbol (with the Holy Spirit of God descending upon an individual) appears to be an equivalent of when the Creator “breathed into his face the breath of life”.
May those who Eyes, See and Ears, Hear!